Europeana and the Open GLAM survey

There’s a lot of open access cultural heritage out there – well over 60,000,000 items – but naturally, it is dispersed across the thousands of digital platforms where GLAMs publish collections. This presents the Open GLAM survey with a challenge: how to keep track of new and updated open data?

”Miss Mission” series by Robert Yarnall Richie, August 1944. DeGolyer Library, Southern Methodist University, no known copyright restrictions.

Aggregators make life easier

Since its inception in March 2018, the Open GLAM survey has tracked the publication of open access content and data by institutions holding cultural heritage material. It has grown organically in scale and complexity through crowdsourced community engagement and extensive desk research. A regular task of the Open GLAM survey is revisiting aggregator websites to look for new or updated data.

Aggregators of cultural heritage, such as Japan Search and DigitaltMuseum, and repositories like Wikimedia Commons, make survey research significantly easier because of their reach, longevity and their use of standardised rights statements and licences.

Finding open access content in Europeana

It had been a little while since we last checked the Europeana website in detail, so it was time to see if new open data had been added. (Note for transparency: I work for Europeana.) The ‘Can I use this?’ filter (shown below) on Europeana makes it easier to isolate open access content – over 25,000,000 items at the time of writing – in the portal.

Filtering for open access data on Europeana.eu, accessed 4 January 2022

Europeana partners with over forty long-term data aggregators across Europe and continuously services multiple consortium projects (usually involving content ingestion). As a result, data on the Europeana website change frequently so it’s always worthwhile checking for new open access content.

This time, a fresh trawl for Open GLAM data in Europeana unearthed 140 new institutions, all of which have now been added to the survey. To generalise, most of the newly added institutions have published small amounts of open access content – probably just a fraction of the eligible, ie. public domain, collections they hold. (See Open Access Scope for more about this.) Nonetheless, Andrea and I believe it’s important that the survey is sufficiently granular to capture these ‘micro’ instances of open access by cultural institutions.

In the Europeana context, these open data releases are typically the outcome of specific funded projects over the past dozen years. They do not imply – and should definitely not be considered as – wholesale open access policy by the institutions concerned.

What’s the impact on the Open GLAM survey?

The Open GLAM survey today lists 1349 instances of institutional open access practice. (The survey’s representation in Wikidata will be updated soon.) For convenience, I have listed the newly added institutions in alphabetical order by country and institution name below. Full details, including rights statements and direct links to all the open data, can be found in the survey spreadsheet:

Survey of GLAM open access policy and practice (Douglas McCarthy and Dr. Andrea Wallace, CC BY 4.0, 2018 to present)

Did we miss something? Let me know.


Austria

  • Museum für Dorfkultur Großengersdorf
  • Naturhistorisches Museum Wien
  • Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften
  • Österreichisches Filmmuseum
  • Schaubetrieb Ofenkachelmanufaktur Erndt
  • Stadtmuseum Alte Hofmühle Hollabrunn

Belgium

  • Amsab-Instituut voor Sociale Geschiedenis
  • Centrum Agrarische Geschiedenis (CAG)
  • Cinematek
  • Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen
  • Koninklijk Instituut voor het Kunstpatrimonium
  • KU Leuven
  • Université libre de Bruxelles

Bulgaria

  • Библиотека РОДИНА – Стара Загора (Library Rodina – Stara Zagora)
  • Институт за балканистика с център по тракология (Institute of Balkan Studies and Center of Thracology)
  • Народна библиотека „ИВАН ВАЗОВ – Пловдив“ (Ivan Vazov National Library)
  • Регионална библиотека „ХРИСТО СМИРНЕНСКИ“ – Хасково (Haskovo Public Library)

Croatia

  • Gradska knjižnica Rijeka
  • Muzej za umjetnost i obrt

Estonia

  • Eesti Sõjamuuseum – Kindral Laidoneri Muuseum
  • Tartu Ülikooli Loodusmuuseum

Finland

  • Kansalliskirjasto
  • Lusto – Suomen metsämuseo

France

  • Archives départementales de la Gironde

Greece

  • Ίδρυμα Αικατερίνης Λασκαρίδη (Aikaterini Laskaridis Foundation)
  • Μουσείο Γουλανδρή Φυσικής Ιστορίας (Goulandris Natural History Museum of Thessaloniki)

Hungary

  • Egységes Magyarországi Izraelita Hitközség
  • Evangélikus Országos Gyűjtemény – Budapest
  • Fortepan
  • Liszt Ferenc Emlékmúzeum és Kutatóközpont
  • Országgyűlési Könyvtár
  • Országos Rabbiképző-Zsidó Egyetem Könyvtára
  • Országos Színháztörténeti Múzeum és Intézet
  • Palotai Klára magángyűjteménye

Ireland

  • Irish Traditional Music Archive
  • Oireachtas Library & Research Service
  • Royal Irish Academy

Italy

  • Aldo Capitini Research Centre Foundation
  • Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze
  • Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma
  • Fondazione Biblioteca Europea di Informazione e Cultura (BEIC)
  • Galleria Civica di Arte Moderna e Contemporanea
  • Museo d’arte orientale
  • Palazzo Madama
  • Politecnico di Milano
  • Università di Bologna
  • Università di Trieste

Latvia

  • Latvijas Akadēmiskā bibliotēka
  • Rīgas vēstures un kuģniecības muzejs

Lithuania

  • Rīgas vēstures un kuģniecības muzejs
  • A. Baranausko ir A. Vienuolio-Žukausko memorialinis muziejus
  • Alytaus Kraštotyros muziejus
  • Antano ir Jono Juškų etninės kultūros muziejus
  • Biržų krašto muziejus „Sėla“
  • Kretingos muziejus
  • Lietuvos jūrų muziejus
  • Lietuvos liaudies buities muziejus
  • Lietuvos švietimo istorijos muziejus
  • Literatūrinis Aleksandro Puškino muziejus
  • Marijampolės kraštotyros muziejus
  • Marijos ir Jurgio Šlapelių namas muziejus
  • Mažosios Lietuvos istorijos muziejus
  • Nacionalinis Mikalojaus Konstantino Čiurlionio dailės muziejus
  • Nalšios muziejus
  • Panevėžio kraštotyros muziejus
  • Rietavo Oginskių kultūros istorijos muziejus
  • Šiaulių apskrities Povilo Višinskio viešoji biblioteka
  • Tauragės krašto muziejus
  • Trakų istorijos muziejus
  • Vilniaus Gaono žydų istorijos muziejus
  • Vilniaus universiteto Komunikacijos fakultetas
  • Zarasų krašto muziejus

Netherlands

  • Atria
  • De Hollandsche Molen
  • Gemeentearchief Barneveld
  • Gemeentearchief Ede
  • Gooi & Vecht Historisch
  • Historisch Centrum Leeuwarden
  • Museum Klok en Peel
  • Nationaal Orgelmuseum
  • NOC*NSF
  • Stichting Archief- en Documentatiecentrum voor R.K. Friesland
  • Stichting Oude Groninger Kerken
  • Vrijheidsmuseum
  • Zuiderzeemuseum

Poland

  • Bialska Biblioteka Cyfrowa
  • Cyfrowy Dolny Śląsk
  • Narodowe Archiwum Cyfrowe
  • Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej

Portugal

  • Arquivo Regional e Biblioteca Pública da Madeira
  • Assembleia da República (Biblioteca)
  • Biblioteca Digital do Exército
  • Biblioteca Geral Da Universidade De Coimbra
  • Biblioteca Municipal de Montalegre
  • Bibliotecas Municipais do Porto
  • Casa-Museu Dr. Anastácio Gonçalves
  • Cinemateca Portuguesa
  • Comissão para a Cidadania e a Igualdade de Género
  • Conservatório – Escola Profissional das Artes da Madeira
  • Escola Superior de Teatro e Cinema
  • Guarda Nacional Republicana (Biblioteca)
  • Hemeroteca Municipal de Lisboa
  • Museu de Alberto Sampaio
  • Museu de José Malhoa
  • Museu de Lamego
  • Museu Francisco Tavares Proença Júnior
  • Museu Monográfico de Conimbriga
  • Museu Nacional da Música
  • Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga
  • Museu Nacional de Arte Contemporânea do Chiado
  • Museu Nacional de Machado de Castro
  • Museu Nacional de Soares dos Reis
  • Museu Nacional do Azulejo
  • Museu Nacional dos Coches
  • Museu Nacional Frei Manuel do Cenáculo (Évora)
  • Seminário Livre de História das Ideias
  • Tribunal de Contas
  • Universidade Aberta
  • Universidade do Porto

Romania

  • Arhiva Națională de Filme
  • Biblioteca „Octavian Goga” din Cluj
  • Biblioteca Centrală Universitară din București
  • Biblioteca Judeţeană „Antim Ivireanul” Vâlcea
  • Biblioteca Judeţeană „I.S. Bădescu” Sălaj
  • Biblioteca Judeteana „Nicolae Iorga” Prahova
  • Biblioteca Județeană „Alexandru și Aristia Aman”
  • Biblioteca Judeţeană „V.A. Urechia” Galaţi
  • Biblioteca Județeană ASTRA Sibiu
  • Biblioteca Municipala Hunedoara
  • Centrul Judeţean pentru Conservarea şi Promovarea Culturii Tradiţionale Cluj
  • Muzeul de Artă din Constanța
  • Muzeul de Artă din Timișoara
  • Muzeul de Artă Vizuală din Galați
  • Muzeul Național de Istorie al României
  • Muzeul Țăranului Român
  • Muzeul Tehnic Dimitrie Leonida
  • Universitatea Babeș-Bolyai

Russia

  • Архангельская областная научная библиотека им. Н. А. Добролюбова (Nikolai Dobrolyubov Regional Scientific Library of Arkhangelsk)
  • Государственный музей Л. Н. Толстого (Leo Tolstoy State Museum)

Serbia

  • Народна библиотека Србије (National Library of Serbia)

Slovakia

  • Botanický ústav